al-Ṣūfī’s Perseus

On this illustration of Perseus from al-ūfī’s Book of the Fixed Stars the head of Medusa has become that of a man with a beard. Arabic astronomers knew Perseus both as Barshāwush (an attempt to transliterate the name Perseus into Arabic), and hāmil ra’s al-ghūl, ‘bearer of the demon’s head’. For a zoomable version of the original click here or on the picture.

(Bodleian Library, Oxford, manuscript Marsh 144)

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al-Sufi's illustration of Perseus