Public lectures by Ian Ridpath
Each lecture is accompanied by a highly illustrated presentation on Keynote software
 
 
Stories of the stars
Constellations in myth, art and reality
Every night, a pageant of Greek mythology is enacted among the stars. Perseus flies to the rescue of princess Andromeda, mighty Orion faces the charge of Taurus the bull, the herdsman Boötes chases the Great Bear around the celestial pole, and the god Zeus flies along the Milky Way in the guise of a swan. This talk will recount these famous legends, illustrated by classic works of art, and identify the constellations associated with them. Using images from the world’s most powerful telescopes, we will look in more detail at some of the fabulous objects that modern astronomers have discovered in those same areas of sky, from the birthplaces of stars to black holes and distant galaxies, which tell real-life stories that are every bit as fantastic as the ancient myths.

Running time: 45 minutes. Sound required
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The Moon is our nearest neighbour in space, and still the only body beyond Earth on which humans have set foot. This talk will introduce the main features of the Moon that can be seen with binoculars and small telescopes, from its ancient plains of solidified lava to craters the size of cities blasted out by meteorite impacts. We then trace the history of lunar exploration in the context of the East–West political rivalry of the time, from the first space probes to the Apollo landings. The talk summarizes the scientific findings from those missions and describes why astronomers now think that the Moon was born when another body hit the Earth billions of years ago. Finally we will look ahead to plans for returning to the Moon.

Running time: 45 minutes. Sound required
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Click for associated web page.
The planets
Our neighbour worlds in space
Our home world, the Earth, is one of a family of eight major planets orbiting an average star, the Sun, and is the only one known to harbour life. Copiously illustrated with stunning pictures from space probes, this talk will outline what we have discovered about our neighbour worlds. Starting with tiny Mercury closest to the Sun we will travel out via hothouse Venus to the red planet Mars and the distant gaseous giants Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, including their rings and moons, not forgetting the ghostly comets. The talk will discuss the reclassification of Pluto (once considered the ninth planet but now downgraded in status), and will end with a look at searches for planets around other stars.

Running time: 45 minutes. No sound
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Click for a summary of the talk (PDF format)
Ghostly wanderers in space
Comets appear in our skies from time to time like ghostly apparitions. In the past they were regarded as omens of disease, death and destruction. Now we know that countless billions of them exist in the form of dirty snowballs at the edge of our Solar System, remnants from the formation of the Earth and other planets. We see them only on the rare occasions when they approach the Sun and heat up, releasing gas and dust to form a glowing head and tail. Recent space probe missions to comets have given us astounding close-up pictures and first-hand information on their composition and structure. This talk will explain scientists’ efforts to understand where comets come from, what they are made of, how they were formed and their role in the origin and development of life on Earth.
Running time: 45 minutes. Sound required.
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Click for a summary of the talk (PDF format)
Aurorae: Their appearance, legends and causes
Flowing curtains of coloured light decorate the polar skies. These are the aurorae, one of the wonders of the natural world. Long the subject of Nordic legend, they are now known to be triggered by atomic particles flowing from the Sun. Accelerated by the Earth’s magnetic field, these particles cascade onto the upper atmosphere around the poles, causing it to glow green and red. With solar activity having reached one of its periodic peaks, the next two winters are likely to be the best for aurora spotting for the next decade. This talk describes what aurorae look like, the legends and superstitions associated with them, how and where they occur and how to watch for them. Inspired by recent TV programmes, many from Britain are now venturing to Norway to see these natural wonders for themselves. This talk has been developed specially to introduce the astounding northern lights to this new generation of tourists.

Running time: 45 minutes or 30 minutes (two versions). Sound required
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Click for a summary of the talk (PDF format)
Eclipses of the Sun and Moon
Eclipses of the Sun and Moon are among the most awe-inspiring natural phenomena. Most spectacular of all are total solar eclipses, when the Sun’s brilliant disk is completely obscured for a few minutes, turning daytime into darkness and bringing into view its faint outer halo of gas, the corona. At lunar eclipses, the Moon turns blood red at night for an hour or more as it passes through the Earth’s shadow. In 2015, the biggest solar eclipse since 1999 will be visible from the UK on March 20, followed by a total lunar eclipse on September 28. Find out what causes these rare events, and what you can expect to see.

Running time: 45 minutes. No sound
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Fact or fantasy?
According to one estimate, around 100 UFOs are sighted worldwide every 24 hours – that’s one every 15 minutes. What’s causing all these reports? Are they, as believers claim, evidence that we are being visited by aliens from other planets? Or is there  a more prosaic explanation? This hard-hitting talk by Ian Ridpath, astronomy writer and UFO sceptic, traces the growth of the flying saucer myth since the first sighting in 1947, and demonstrates some of the most common causes of UFO reports. The talk will discuss the implication of formerly top-secret government documents recently released under the Freedom of Information Act, and will end with Ian’s first-hand account of his own researches into the Rendlesham Forest incident, a major event outside a US Air Force base at Woodbridge in Suffolk, still widely regarded as among the best UFO cases ever.

Running time: 45 minutes. Sound required
Warning: Unsuitable for UFO believers!
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Click for associated web page.
The origin and history of the constellations
In the days before writing, storytellers used the sky as a picture book to illustrate their tales of gods, mythical heroes and fabulous beasts. Those pictures among the stars were the origin of our system of constellations. Today, the entire sky is divided into 88 constellations of varying shapes and sizes. This talk, which includes illustrations from some of the world’s greatest star atlases, will trace the origin of the constellation system back to Greek times and explain who filled in the gaps between the ancient Greek figures, who decided on the official boundaries between constellations, and how the names of certain stars came about.

Running time: 45 minutes. No sound

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Click for podcast (Royal Society
History of Science lecture)
Partners in exploration
In 1781, a German-born musician observing with a home-made telescope from his back garden in Bath, England, discovered a new planet, the first to be found since ancient times. We now call it Uranus. This unexpected discovery, which doubled the size of the known Solar System, propelled William Herschel to international celebrity. But that was only the start. Sponsored by the king of England, he and his sister Caroline spent the rest of their lives surveying the heavens, making Caroline the first woman professional astronomer. This is the story of their remarkable partnership and the revolution it wrought in our knowledge of the Universe, with particular emphasis on the role of the usually unheralded Caroline.

Running time: 45 minutes. No sound
Note: When possible, this programme will be presented by Mona Evans.

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