The 25 brightest stars as seen from Earth
Star
Name
RA
h   m
dec
°   ’
Apparent
magnitude
Spectral type
Parallax
Distance
l.y.
Absolute
magnitude a
 
Sun
26.78
G2 V
04.82
Alpha Canis Majoris
Sirius
06  45.1
16  43
1.46
A1 V
0.37921
0008.60
01.43
Alpha Carinae
Canopus
06  24.0
52  42
0.74
A9 II or F0 II
0.01055
0309
5.62
Alpha Centauri
Rigil Kentaurus
14  39.6
60  50
0.27b
G2 V + K1 V
0.75481
0004.32
04.12b
Alpha Bootis
Arcturus
14  15.7
+19  11
0.05
K1.5 III or K0 III
0.08883
0036.72
0.31
Alpha Lyrae
Vega
18  36.9
+38  47
000.03 (var.)
A0 V
0.13023
0025.04
00.60
Alpha Aurigae
Capella
05  16.7
+46  00
000.08
G6 III + G2 III or 
G1 III + K0 III
0.07620
0042.80
0.51
Beta Orionis
Rigel
05  14.5
08  12
000.13 (var.)
B8 Ia
0.00378
0863
6.98
Alpha Canis Minoris
Procyon
07  39.3
+05  14
000.37
F5 IV–V
0.28456
0011.46
02.64
Alpha Orionis
Betelgeuse
05  55.2
+07  24
000.4 (var.)
M1–M2 Ia–Iab
0.00655
0498
5.52
Alpha Eridani
Achernar
01  37.7
57  14
000.46 (var.)
B3 V or B6 V
0.02339
0139
2.69
Beta Centauri
Hadar
14  03.8
60  22
000.61 (var.)
B1 III
0.00832
0392
4.79
Alpha Aquilae
Altair
19  50.8
+08  52
000.76 (var.)
A7 V
0.19495
0016.73
02.21
Alpha Crucis
Acrux
12  26.6
63  06
000.77c
B0.5 IV + B1 V
0.01013
0322
4.20c
Alpha Tauri
Aldebaran
04  35.9
+16  31
000.86 (var.)
K5 III
0.04894
0066.64
0.69
Alpha Scorpii
Antares
16  29.4
26  26
000.91 (var.)
M1.5 Iab–Ib
0.00589
0554
5.24
Alpha Virginis
Spica
13  25.2
11  10
000.97 (var.)
B1 III–IV
0.01306
0250
3.45
Beta Geminorum
Pollux
07  45.3
+28  02
001.14
K0 IIIb
0.09654
0033.78
01.06
Alpha Piscis Austrini
Fomalhaut
22  57.7
29  37
001.16
A3 V
0.12981
0025.13
01.73
Beta Crucis
Mimosa
12  47.7
59  41
001.25 (var.)
B0.5 III
0.01171
0279
3.41
Alpha Cygni
Deneb
20  41.4
+45  17
001.25 (var.)
A2 Ia
0.00231
1412
6.93
Alpha Leonis
Regulus
10  08.4
+11  58
001.35
B7 V or B8 IV
0.04113
0079.30
0.58
Epsilon Canis Majoris
Adhara
06  58.6
28  58
001.50
B2 II
0.00805
0405
3.97
Alpha Geminorum
Castor
07  34.6
+31  53
001.58d
A1 V + A2 Vm
0.06412
0050.87
00.61d
Lambda Scorpii
Shaula
17  33.6
37  06
001.62 (var.)
B1.5 IV
0.00571
0571
4.60
Gamma Crucis
Gacrux
12  31.2
57  07
001.64
M3.5 III
0.03683
0088.56
0.53

a Ignoring interstellar absorption
b Combined magnitude of double star. The individual components of Alpha Centauri are 0.01 and 1.33.
c Combined magnitude of double star. The individual components are approx. 1.3 and 1.8 (published figures are inconsistent).
d Combined magnitude of double star. The individual components of Castor are 1.93 and 2.97.

Sources:
Magnitudes from J. R. Ducati, Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson’s 11-color System (apart from Beta Centauri, Alpha Crucis, and Lambda Scorpii which are not included; their magnitudes come from others). Note that many of the stars in this table are variable to some degree, so their order at any given time may vary depending whether they are brighter or fainter than average.
Spectral types are from the list of bright stars in the Astronomical Almanac (2016), with alternative values noted.
Distances are from the Hipparcos Catalogue New Reduction (2008).


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